Keyword: Prevent “Prevent Malaria: Local Doctor Shares Essential Steps to Avoid the Disease Amid Recent Cases in Florida and Texas”

New Article:
Title: Prevention and Symptoms of Malaria: Expert Advice from Local Doctor

Introduction:
With recent cases of locally-acquired malaria appearing in Florida and Texas, a local doctor emphasizes the importance of taking preventative measures to avoid contracting the disease. Dr. Melissa Holland, the chief medical officer at UnitedHealthcare Medicare and Retirement for the Mid-Atlantic region, explains that malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite called plasmodium. In this article, we will explore the steps individuals can take to prevent getting malaria and the symptoms to watch out for if mosquito bites occur.

Preventing Malaria:
To prevent malaria, it is crucial to take measures to avoid mosquito bites. Dr. Holland advises that the best repellent available is DEET, the active chemical ingredient in various insect repellent products. Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics confirm that DEET is safe for adults and children. Other effective options include picaridin, which is similar to DEET but does not irritate the skin, and permethrin, a spray used on clothing and gear. For those seeking a natural repellent, oil of lemon eucalyptus is another viable option. Dr. Holland assures that most products available in the U.S. are registered with the EPA, ensuring their safety and effectiveness.

Recognizing Malaria Symptoms:
Dr. Holland explains that individuals infected with malaria initially experience symptoms such as chills, fevers, headaches, muscle aches, and fatigue. If left untreated, additional symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting may arise. In severe cases, malaria can progress to organ failure and even death. Dr. Holland advises seeking medical attention immediately if any of the mentioned symptoms occur after a mosquito bite.

Testing and Treatment:
In the event that an individual tests positive for malaria, early treatment is crucial. The severity of the disease, the specific malaria species involved, and the region where the infection was acquired all contribute to determining the appropriate treatment plan. Dr. Holland stresses the significance of seeking medical advice for testing if malaria is suspected to ensure prompt and effective treatment.

Conclusion:
As cases of locally-acquired malaria continue to be reported in Florida and Texas, it is essential for individuals to take necessary precautions to prevent mosquito bites and minimize the risk of contracting the disease. Using effective repellents, such as DEET, picaridin, and permethrin, along with natural alternatives like oil of lemon eucalyptus, can significantly reduce the chances of being bitten. It is also essential to recognize the symptoms of malaria, such as fevers, headaches, and fatigue, and seek medical attention if these symptoms occur after a mosquito bite. By taking these preventive measures and promptly seeking treatment if needed, individuals can protect themselves from the potential dangers of malaria.