Scientists have made a breakthrough discovery in the field of superconductivity, with the creation of a new room-temperature superconductor. The discovery was made by researchers at a number of institutions across the globe, including the University of Rochester in the United States, and was recently reported in Nature.com.
Superconductors are materials that can conduct electricity without resistance. This is achieved when the material is cooled to extremely low temperatures, typically below -200 degrees Celsius. However, this can be costly and difficult to achieve, limiting the use of superconductors in many practical applications.
The new room-temperature superconductor, however, could change all that. The material can conduct electricity without resistance at temperatures up to 15 degrees Celsius, and at relatively low pressures. This could make it much easier and cheaper to use superconductors in a variety of fields, from power transmission to medical technologies.
The researchers achieved this breakthrough using a material called N-doped lutetium hydride. By adding nitrogen to this material, they were able to induce superconductivity at much higher temperatures and lower pressures than previously thought possible. This could open up a whole new field of research into high-temperature superconductors, and the potential applications of this technology.
The discovery has been hailed as a major breakthrough in the field of superconductivity, and could have far-reaching implications for a number of industries. While more research will be needed to fully understand the properties of the new room-temperature superconductor, the potential benefits are clear.